Delivering authoritative, impartial and independent up-to-date data, information and analysis on critical minerals that are essential to the UK economy.

The UK Critical Minerals Intelligence Centre (CMIC) supports the UK in securing adequate, timely and sustainable supplies of the minerals and metals it requires to transition its economy in the coming decades to net-zero emissions.

The UK has announced world-leading targets to decarbonise the economy, which include plans to build an electric vehicle supply chain and transform the energy system using offshore wind and clean hydrogen. Building these technologies and the associated infrastructure will require substantial quantities of critical minerals. The UK's current critical mineral needs are met almost entirely from overseas, through complex and dynamic international supply chains that often have poor end-to-end visibility. The Centre will help the Government and industry understand future UK critical minerals demand, and potential chain supply vulnerabilities.

Led by the British Geological Survey (BGS) with support from the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS), we work together with universities and private and public sector partners to gather and analyse intelligence on the supply and demand of critical minerals, their global value chains and use by UK industry. Our aim is to guide decision-making by government and industry to mitigate risks to supply security, helping to deliver economic prosperity and create opportunities for UK businesses in critical mineral supply chains, domestically and internationally.


UK's first Critical Minerals Intelligence Centre to help build a more resilient economy

The UK's first-ever centre to collect and analyse information on the supply of critical minerals, which are vital to the UK's economic success and national security, has officially launched.


Battery minerals report

This study introduces lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), their key components, battery types, and their associated mineral raw material requirements. It considers the key drivers for developing a domestic LIB manufacturing sector, including the importance of the automotive sector to the UK economy and trends in electric vehicle (EV) sales, the implications of the UK-EU free trade agreement and manufactures commitments to produce LIBs in the UK.

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Battery minerals report

UK Critical Minerals List 2021

The UK criticality assessment of technology critical minerals and metals was commissioned by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS). 26 candidate materials were assessed for their potential criticality to the UK economy in terms of their global supply risk and the UK economic vulnerability to such a disruption. Eighteen of the these have a 'high' potential criticality rating based on these criteria, and constitute the UK Critical Minerals List 2021.

  • File size: 2.56Mb
  • File format: .pdf
UK Critical Minerals List 2021

Centre aims

Minerals and metals perform a myriad of functions, including enabling the technologies needed to mitigate climate change by decarbonising the global economy, such as low carbon energy generation, zero-emission transport and digital systems.

Minerals are likely to assume greater importance in contributing to the UK's economic growth and high standard of living over the coming decades. This will be driven by requirements for the UK to bring all greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050 and strategies to grow the advanced manufacturing sector.

In its Net Zero Strategy: Build Back Greener strategy, the UK Government made a public commitment to establish a Critical Minerals Expert Committee to provide independent advice to government on the scope and content of a Critical Minerals Strategy; and create a Critical Minerals Intelligence Centre to support its delivery. BGS is represented on the Critical Minerals Expert Committee by its Director, Karen HanghØj, and played an instrumental role in developing the CMIC concept. The work and scope of CMIC directly supports the objectives and approach of the Critical Minerals Strategy.

The CMIC aims to support the UK in securing the adequate and timely supply of the minerals and metals it requires to ensure the success of the net zero transition, mitigate risks to national security, deliver economic prosperity and create opportunities for UK businesses in critical mineral supply chains domestically and internationally. It will provide decision-makers in government and industry with independent, robust, up-to-date and future-orientated analysis and intelligence to manage the dynamic risks associated with the supply and demand of critical minerals.

This includes:

  • Accurate, high resolution data and dynamic analysis on primary and secondary minerals resources and stocks and flows of critical minerals in the UK and globally.
  • Monitoring mineral market dynamics to understand and identify associated economic, geopolitical, regulatory, environmental and ethical risks and regulatory risks and opportunities.
  • Gathering and analysing intelligence on other key factors effecting critical mineral security of supply including environmental, social and governance (ESG) considerations and the developing circular economy.

The British Geological Survey

BGS will be the primary delivery body for the CMIC, drawing on its own expertise, as well as that of universities, research groups and private and public sector (UK and international) partners.

BGS has carried out minerals research to underpin policy-making, regulation and responsible investment in metals and minerals since the 1970s. This includes NERC-funded work on mineral deposit formation, exploration, mineral resources, environmental impact and mining legacy, land-use planning, commodity information, as well as monitoring and analysing production and trade statistics.

BGS is also a long-established world leader in the production of statistical data on the global and UK mineral industries. BGS publications include: World Mineral Production and the UK Minerals Yearbook.


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